Here are some safe home-use methods of application.  For other methods and further information, please refer to:  Essential Oils for Mindfulness and Meditation, and Essential Oils for the Whole Body

Candle-lit room diffuser

Add water to the bowl. Add 6 to 8 drops of essential oil or essential oil blend. Light candle. Replenish as necessary.

Candle lit diffusers with deep water bowls are preferable (to avoid rapid drying out). Do not allow water to dry out (keep a small jug of water at hand to replenish).

Do not leave unattended – ensure the candle is extinguished before leaving unattended. Place in a safe and stable position, where it cannot be knocked over (fire risk) or touched by children or pets.

Electric fan or steam diffusers

These usually come with instructions regarding appropriate operation and use. Add 6 to 8 drops of an essential oil or essential oil blend. Replenish as necessary.

Rather than leaving the diffuser on constantly, use in short ‘bursts’ at chosen convenient times. Remember, the sense of smell soon becomes saturated; the brain stops acknowledging smells after a short period of time, even though they may still be present (leaving and returning to a room, the odour is re-acknowledged; this may be a good indication of whether the essential oils need replenishing).


Fill bath with water, then, just before getting in, add 6 drops of essential oil or an essential oil blend dispersed in 20 ml of vegetable oil. Do not use essential oils neat in the bath. To maximize benefit, close windows and doors.

Remember, vegetable oil makes the bath slippery.

Do not leave children unattended in a bath.

Essential oils are usually absorbed via inhalation of odour-infused steam when applied in a bath, rather than via the epidermis (skin). Although wetting and soaking the skin with warm water may assist epidermal absorption, hot or warm baths tend to encourage perspiration (excretion) rather than absorption. Water is ‘drying’ to the ski.  Essential oils should not be added neat (undiluted) to bath water.  They must be dispensed in an oily or fatty carrier medium; this way an oily barrier is created that may prevent essential oil irritation and reduce the ‘drying’ effect of water to skin.


Basil, Cinnamon, Clove, Peppermint, Thyme, Citrus Oils

Steam Inhalation

You will need: a kettle (or pan), water, bowl, tissues, essential oils and a large towel. Before commencing, ensure that your equipment is placed in a safe position, away from pets and children and on a stable surface.

Heat the water to boiling point. Very carefully pour boiled water from the kettle (or pan) into the bowl (preferably heat proof ceramic, glass or pottery – do not use plastic bowls). Allow the water to cool slightly (essential oils will vaporise too rapidly otherwise). Add 2 to 4 drops of your selected essential oil or blend of essential oils to the water (replace essential oil bottle lids immediately).

Cover your head and the bowl with the large towel to contain the rising essential oil infused steam vapours – CLOSE YOUR EYES. Breathe vapours through your nose, exhale through your mouth, for a few minutes. Remove towel (‘come up for air’). Replenish water and essential oils if necessary and repeat exercise two or three times.

Stop immediately if you experience any irritation, or feel dizzy. Essential oils will irritate the mucous membrane to a certain degree; use moderately and do not exceed the above dose. Caution must be applied if the recipient has sensitivities, asthma or epilepsy (half the above dose – 1 to 2 drops of essential oils).